Menopause is the result of declining sex hormones manufactured by female ovaries. It marks the end of menstruation in women. The term "perimenopause" refers to the transitional stage in a woman's life leading up to menopause. Typically lasting from two to ten years, women in perimenopause experience a variety of symptoms, the most common being hot flashes, headache, irritability, mood swings, poor sleep patterns, and vaginal dryness. As if these symptoms weren't enough, some women also develop acne. Understanding the relationship between perimenopause and acne can help women restore blemish-free skin.
The Estrogen-Testosterone Connection
Just like with teenagers, women dealing with perimenopause and acne can chock it up to fluctuating hormones. A woman's ovaries and adrenal glands manufacture female hormones like estrogen and progesterone, but they also produce small amounts of androgens, like testosterone. While estrogen levels begin to decline during perimenopause, androgen levels remain constant.
In some women, an imbalance of testosterone can cause the sebaceous glands of the skin to produce excessive sebum, an oily substance that clogs pores. As women age, skin cell regeneration slows, and excessive skin cells can exacerbate the problem, blocking the clogged pores and causing pimples and blemishes.
Certain over-the-counter cleansers can help women deal with acne. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends women dealing with perimenopause and acne choose cleansers and astringents made especially for adult women as they are typically less drying to the skin. Many women also appreciate cosmetics that contain salicylic acid, or other acne-fighting ingredients.
Balance Hormones Naturally
Balancing hormones can help keep acne in check during perimenopause. A number of natural methods may help:
- Eat cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, and kohlrabi. Cruciferous veggies contain indole-3-carbinol (I3C), which is a precursor to diindolylmethane (DIM). Both of these compounds can help keep estrogen hormones in balance.
- Make foods containing phytoestrogens a part of the diet. Foods like fermented soy, flax seeds, sunflower seeds, bean sprouts, and legumes contain small amounts of plant-based estrogen that may help women with declining estrogen levels.
- Consider herbal remedies like black cohosh or the Ayurvedic herb, shatavari. Although herbs have shown to be no better than placebo for relieving perimenopause symptoms in scientific research, anecdotal evidence suggests otherwise.
- Maintain a healthy body weight. Excess body fat can trigger the production of more estrogen in the body.
Women in perimenopause have to deal with enough symptoms without adding acne to the mix. Fortunately, a number of over-the-counter products can help, or women may want to seek the advice of a dermatologist. Natural methods that encourage hormonal balance may also help like dietary changes, herbs, and maintenance of a healthy body weight. Because women’s bodies each differ, it is wise to consult with a health care practitioner before using herbal supplements.