Because UVB rays are directly related to vision problems, it is critical to make wearing sunglasses part of your sun protection routine. People who wouldn’t dream of going out in the sun without lathering on sunscreen often venture outside without sunglasses or with eyewear that doesn’t provide adequate protection. Prolonged UV exposure can increase your chances of developing cataracts because light that enters the eye is mainly absorbed by the cornea and the lens.
Unsure about how to choose the right sunglasses? Follow these tips:
Get Maximum Protection: Make sure the glasses you wear have lenses that block 99 to 100 percent of UV-A and UV-B rays. Excessive exposure to these rays will significantly increase your chances of developing vision problems at some point in your life.
Expensive Doesn’t Mean “Better:” Don’t choose sunglasses based on the price. There are many affordable sunglasses that offer just as much UV protection as the more expensive, brand-name versions. The main thing to consider is the level of UV protection.
Related: Protect Your Self From Cataracts
Go For Comfort: Make sure the glasses fit comfortably and securely. If your sunglasses have a tendency to slide down your nose or feel too tight, you will be less likely to wear them for long periods of time.
Choose Impact-Resistant Lenses: All sunglasses have to meet certain impact standards that are mandated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but plastic glasses are more likely to break. Choose polycarbonate plastics but make sure they have a scratch-resistant coating.
In addition to sunglasses, increase your intake of antioxidants. Studies have shown that antioxidant supplements can reduce your risk for cataracts and mitigate the disease-causing free radicals associated with excessive sun exposure and environmental toxins. Because most people don’t get enough lutein and other vision-enhancing nutrients in their diets, millions of Americans take supplements to prevent and mitigate eye problems related to aging and sun exposure. Take care of your eyes so you won’t be blindsided by vision problems.