Malnutrition is unfortunately all too familiar in developing countries where people do not get sufficient nutrients in their diet. Signs of malnutrition may be all too obvious in underweight children and adults, but there are other causes of malnutrition which are evident in the U.S. and other developed nations today.
Here are some common signs of malnutrition:
- Lack of energy
- Dry or unhealthy skin
- Wasted muscles
- Stunted growth in children
Weight Loss Causes Signs of Malnutrition
A common modern-day cause of malnutrition is dieting. Skipping meals, eating unhealthily and starving in the name of weight loss, fashion, or peer pressure can all result in a lack of essential protein, minerals and vitamins that our bodies need to survive healthily. An obsession with size can lead to eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia. Other causes of malnutrition can be drug addiction, elderly people living alone, or families and students struggling to make ends meet.
Poor Soil Causes Signs of Malnutrition
The University of Texas compared the content of calcium, iron, proteins, phosphorous and vitamin C in fruit and vegetables in 1950 and again in 1999. Although crop size and rate of growth has improved, the nutritional content of the crops has significantly declined.
According to the Kushi Institute, levels of calcium are 27% lower, iron is 37% lower and vitamin C levels are 30% lower in fruits and vegetables produced in 1997 compared to 1975. Intensive farming and lack of crop rotation is blamed for the lower nutritional content of our fruit and vegetables. This clearly indicates the importance of taking multivitamin or daily supplements to provide the essential nutrients our body needs to avoid signs of malnutrition.
Malabsorption of essential vitamins and minerals can cause signs of malnutrition even in those who eat a healthy balanced diet. Such cases may be a caused by digestive disorders such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease. Those suffering from persistent vomiting or diarrhea will also not be benefitting from their food intake. Some medications can also prevent the body's ability to absorb essential nutrients, leading to malnutrition and poor health.
Treatment for Signs of Malnutrition
Any evidence of malnutrition needs to be swiftly addressed with a proper diet, and possibly with the help of a professional dietician or advisor. Less serious cases of malnutrition can be remedied with regular daily supplements of multivitamins and minerals.
With our busy highly stressed lifestyle, poor eating habits, denuded soil quality, malabsorption and medication issues, everyone needs to take a multivitamin daily to ensure that the minimum amounts of calcium, vitamins and minerals are part of our daily diet.