The skin is the body's largest organ, so it is important to take good care of it. Knowing about free radicals and how to eliminate them can help. A free radical is an unstable oxygen molecule that is missing an electron. In the hunt for the absent electron, free radicals destroy healthy molecules and create more free radicals. A number of environmental and lifestyle factors contribute to the production of free radicals including exposure to the sun, smoking, excessive use of alcohol, a poor diet, and air pollution. Over time, excessive free radicals can cause oxidative damage leading to skin changes like acne, wrinkles and even skin cancer.
Young skin contains an abundance of antioxidants that protect it from free radicals. However, aging skin produces fewer antioxidants and becomes more susceptible to damage. Fortunately, as people age, they can prevent the production of free radicals by engaging in a number of healthy lifestyle strategies.
1. Use Sunscreen
Prolonged exposure to the sun encourages the production of free radicals. According to a study examining the effects of oxidative stress on skin cells, the use of sunscreen offers the best protection for preventing these free radicals from forming. Natural, mineral-based sunscreens provide safe, broad-spectrum protection without harsh chemicals. Remember to wear a wide-brimmed hat when out in direct sunlight. Other protection methods are long-sleeved clothes and even using an umbrella for sun protection.
2. Eat Foods High in Antioxidants
In the same study, the Slovenian research team from the University of Ljubljana also concluded "Foods rich in antioxidants and other phytochemicals such as fruits, vegetables, wine and green tea help protect against oxidative damage and free radical attack." Specific fruits and vegetables high in antioxidants include leafy greens, red grapes, citrus fruits, melons, papaya, berries, and pomegranate.
Related: Internal Sun Protection With ALA
3. Take Dietary Supplements
A number of vitamin and mineral supplements block the development of free radicals. These include vitamin B2, vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, coenzyme Q10, lutein, lycopene, and zinc. Protective herbal supplements include bilberry, gingko biloba, grape seed extract, and turmeric.
4. Try Skincare Products with Vitamin C or Copper
It's hard to sift through the multitude of skincare products for one that actually works, but a few added ingredients have been shown to truly benefit the skin. Vitamin C is vital to the production of collagen, the main structural protein in connective tissue. Research shows that topical application of vitamin C promotes the production of collagen and diminishes the effects of free radicals. Copper is an ingredient added to many products for aging skin. Copper peptides can help improve skin elasticity, enhance skin tone and reduce symptoms of skin conditions like rashes, eczema, and rosacea.
While environment and lifestyle can affect the skin, certain healthy strategies help keep skin changes to a minimum. People looking to enhance skin health should use sunscreen when spending more than twenty minutes outdoors. Other ways to benefit the skin include eating foods high in antioxidants, taking certain dietary supplements, and using topical skin products with vitamin C or copper.